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VIE/401
Projet pilote d'éclairage économe en énergie (AAANN) à Hué

Information

Pays
Vietnam
Bureau régional de LuxDev
Bureau Régional De Vientiane

Secteur
Énergies renouvelables

Période d'exécution
Juillet 2018 - Juin 2021
Durée totale
36 mois

Budget total
2 000 000 EUR
Répartition des contributions
  • Gouvernement luxembourgeois
    2 000 000 EUR

Outre le risque pour la sécurité des personnes, le changement climatique et la dégradation croissante de l'environnement sont considérés comme des menaces sérieuses pour le développement socio-économique du Vietnam, les émissions de gaz à effet de serre (GES) à l'échelle mondiale et nationale étant un facteur important dans le processus. Les émissions totales de GES au Vietnam devraient passer de 247 millions de tCO2e en 2010 à 474 millions d'ici 2020 et 787 millions d'ici 2030, soit une augmentation d'environ 100% et 300% respectivement.

Lors de la Conférence des Parties (CdP) qui s'est tenue à Paris en 2015, le gouvernement vietnamien s'est engagé à verser 1 million USD au Fonds vert pour le climat (FVPC). La contribution nationale prévue du Vietnam (CNPV) a un objectif inconditionnel de réduction des émissions de 8% d'ici 2030 par rapport aux niveaux de 2010. Cet objectif serait porté à 25 % avec la mise à disposition d'un financement international pour le climat.

Avec le soutien de l'APD au Vietnam, le Luxembourg se concentre désormais sur le financement de la lutte contre le changement climatique. Un tri sélectif parmi les pays partenaires de l'APD luxembourgeoise en 2013, pour identifier le potentiel d'une action d'atténuation appropriée au niveau national (AAANN), a classé le Vietnam comme le pays le plus prometteur pour le soutien et l'action en matière de climat. Après plusieurs missions de cadrage et consultations avec les partenaires vietnamiens, l'éclairage à haut rendement énergétique (RE) a été sélectionné pour devenir un projet pilote du AAANN.

En mars 2016, l'Agence luxembourgeoise de coopération au développement (LuxDev) a été mandatée par le ministère des Affaires étrangères et européennes (MAEE), au nom du Fonds luxembourgeois pour le climat et l'énergie (FLCE) dirigé par le ministère du Développement durable et de l'Infrastructure (MDDI), pour formuler une intervention d'atténuation par le pilotage d'un éclairage RE AAANN à Hué. VIE/401 contribuera aux programmes nationaux et locaux de croissance verte, de changement climatique et d'efficacité énergétique.

Pour ce faire, le projet vise à atteindre trois résultats:

Résultat 1 - Renforcement des CAPACITÉS et activités habilitantes pour le projet pilote sur l’AAANN.

Résultat 2 - Acquisition et installation de LED à Hué.

Résultat 3 - Développement et exploration du AAANN en dehors du champ d'application du AAANN pilote.

Grâce à l'installation de plus de 22 000 LED dans des zones cibles telles que la Citadelle de Hué (p. ex. la Tour du drapeau), les berges de Perfume Rive, certaines routes urbaines, ainsi que des écoles ou des jardins d'enfants, le projet pilote VIE/401 devrait permettre de réduire les émissions cumulées d'environ 11 700 tCO2 jusqu'en 2029, avec des économies d'énergie associées de plus de 17 GWh.

Les principaux bénéficiaires sont les institutions publiques locales et les destinations touristiques, les agences de gestion telles que Hue Urban Environment and Construction Joint Stock Company (HEPCO), Green Park Company (GPC) et le Monument Conservation Center (MCC), ainsi que le personnel scolaire et les étudiants, le secteur privé et, indirectement, les résidents de la ville de Hué et les touristes visiteurs.

Le concept AAANN couvrira deux phases : l'actuelle phase pilote VIE/401 dans la ville de Hué, suivie d'une deuxième phase dans le but d'étendre l'intervention à d'autres municipalités/provinces du pays. Cette extension du champ d'application au cours des phases ultérieures serait nécessaire pour attirer des fonds publics et privés destinés à la lutte contre le changement climatique.

Compte tenu du soutien de longue date du Luxembourg aux écoles provinciales, les écoles qui utilisent actuellement des lampes fluorescentes ont également été incluses. En plus de contribuer à l'efficacité énergétique et à la réduction des GES, ce volet scolaire bénéficiera de l'expérience de LuxDev en matière de conception, de construction et de gestion, ainsi que de bonnes relations de travail avec les autorités éducatives. En démontrant l'éclairage RE aux écoliers et en stimulant les comportements vertueux, ce volet s'ajoutera aux autres campagnes et initiatives de sensibilisation sur mesure.

Dernières nouvelles

  • VIETNAM - The Energy Efficient Lighting Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) pilot in Hue City (VIE/401) and Climate Adaptation and Resilience in TT Hue Province (VIE/433) projects take off.

    Publié le 14 Juin 2019    Par Darius STEIN   EN

    The first Steering Committee for the  projects ‘Energy Efficient Lighting Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) pilot in Hue City’ (VIE/401) and ‘Climate Adaptation and Resilience in TT Hue Province’ (VIE/433) was held on May 10th 2019 and brought together representatives from the Luxembourg Embassy, LuxDev, Vietnam’s Ministry of Planning and Investment, Hue’s Provincial People’s Committee as well as other relevant VIE/401 and VIE/433 project stakeholders.   

    VIE_401_Article_SCM1_photo_1.jpgFirst Project Steering Committee Meeting for VIE/401 and VIE/433

    VIE/401 and VIE/433 are the first projects implemented by LuxDev with funding from the Luxembourg Climate and Energy Fund (CEF). Furthermore, they are considered to be stepping stones for two higher level climate change adaptation and mitigation interventions in the future, to be funded by International Climate Finance (ICF), with possible additional Luxembourg funding.

    VIE/401 stands out as LuxDev’s first Energy Efficiency project involving the replacement of conventional lights with less energy consuming Light Emitting Diodes (LED) lights. Through the installation of more than 22,000 LEDs, the project is estimated to achieve total cumulative energy savings of 17.7GWh, with associated Greenhouse Gas (GHG) reductions of 14,405 tCO2 up to 2029.

    A key element of VIE/401 is the development of a robust Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system. Measuring the GHG emission impact of mitigation interventions is critical for the government, to report to the relevant international bodies such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) against national commitments on emission reduction targets, or in support of national proposals for ICF support.

    During inception, the project already completed substantial technical work, in particular related to the selection of most suitable locations for LED hardware investments in Hue City. Based on strict criteria and in-house data analysis and verification, a list of appropriate schools and streets for replacement of conventional lighting with LED were selected.

    VIE_401_Article_SCM1_photo_2.jpg

    VIE_401_Article_SCM1_photo_3.jpgTechnical staff from LuxDev and Hue City Construction Investment Project Management Board surveying the lighting status of streets in Hue City.

    An important insight gained from surveys done is that conventional inefficient fluorescent lamps are still primarily used in classrooms, and that there is a lack of awareness among students and school staff on the difference between conventional and LED lights, and on the importance of adequate lighting levels classrooms.   

    VIE_401_Article_SCM1_photo_4.jpg

    VIE_401_Article_SCM1_photo_5.jpgTechnical staff from LuxDev and Hue City Construction Investment Project Management Board and the Hue Department of Education and Training surveying the lighting status of schools in Hue City.

    The LED hardware installation and awareness raising interventions of VIE/401 have become even more relevant in the context of the new Vietnam Energy Efficiency Programme 2019-2030, launched in March 2019. Some of the objectives in that programme are that 60% of schools are reached with communication and teaching activities on efficient use of energy, and 90% of provinces have an energy efficiency plan by 2025. LuxDev is committed to assist the provincial government of Hue in achieving these targets.

  • A new climate cooperation between Luxembourg and Vietnam

    Publié le 21 Juin 2018    Par Katja MAJCEN   EN

    On Monday 18 June 2018, Hue City celebrated the closing of the 5-year ODA-funded ‘Climate Adapted Local Development and Innovation Project’ (VIE/033), and in the same event launched the very first two projects funded by the Luxembourg Climate and Energy Fund to be implemented by LuxDev. These two new interventions are the ‘Energy Efficient Lighting NAMA pilot in Hue City’ (VIE/401) and the project ‘Climate Adaptation and Resilience in TT Hue Province’ (VIE/433).

    The event brought together high-level delegates from the Ministry of Planning and Investment, Thua Thien Hue (TT Hue) Provincial People’s Committee (PPC) and relevant departments, the Luxembourg Embassy in Laos, LuxDev HQ and regional office in Vientiane, VIE/033 project partners and staff from the project’s target districts, some community representatives and beneficiaries, as well as some old ‘Friends of the Project’.  

    Group photo

    Mr Nguyen Van Phuong, Vice-Chairman of TT Hue PPC, and Mr Claude Jentgen, Chargé d’Affaires at the Luxembourg Embassy in Laos, both highlighted and appreciated the long-standing and strong diplomatic relations between the two countries, with the 45th anniversary of these relations having been celebrated in Hanoi just days ago. Mr Jentgen remarked that Luxembourg is the fifth biggest European Union investor in Vietnam, and further reiterated that whereas its Official Development Assistance (ODA) is phasing out with Vietnam having reached middle-income status, new opportunities arise to transform the long-standing partnership into climate cooperation.

    Dr Alain Jacquemin, VIE/033 Chief Technical Coordinator, presented the overall results of the project, measured through a set of 27 quantitative indicators. Out of these, 23 met or exceeded their End of Project (EOP) target – including six exceeding that target by 20-50%, and five by more than 50%. Four indicators did not meet their target. Further, data from a Randomised Control Trial in communes outside of the project target area and collected through baseline and endline surveys, gave more evidence and valuable insights on the real impact of project interventions in target areas versus non-project areas, reflecting major differences on household incomes and poverty reduction rates, as well as on the coping capacity of communities and households to respond to climate impacts.

    Dr Adam McCarty, Team Leader of the project final evaluation and earlier also the Mid Term Review, called VIE/033 “an extraordinary success” referring to its key results, both quantitative and qualitative, as observed first-hand in the field and measured through the project’s elaborate monitoring system. He highlighted and appreciated the fact that the project did not just focus on its many successes, but also took the initiative to study and investigate activities that didn’t go as planned, rather than ignoring them, thus turning them into ‘lessons learned’ for future interventions.

    Subsequently, the audience listened to a brief account by one of the district leaders, and to three testimonials from project beneficiaries. This was followed by the formal launch of the Project Compendium, a document that gives a fairly detailed account of overall project results achieved, and WHAT was done, WHY and HOW to come to those results.

    Mr Nguyễn Lương Trí from Quang Tho II Agriculture Cooperative, Quang Dien district

    In the second half of the meeting, with focus on the two new climate interventions in TT Hue, Dr Phong Tran of the Institute for Social and Environmental Transition–International (ISET-Viet Nam) sketched the context of climate change in Vietnam and Hue. He highlighted that Vietnam is one of the most vulnerable countries to the threats of climate change, mainly due to its densely populated and long coastline that is highly exposed to typhoons and sea level rise. “The sea level in Thua Thien Hue could rise by up to 94cm by 2 100 and this would continue to seriously affect the lives, incomes and health of local people, as well as the ecosystems and infrastructure systems of Hue City as they have done in the past”, he said.

    The new chapter in the cooperation between Luxembourg and Vietnam was opened up by Mrs Dieschbourg, Luxembourg’s Minister for the Environment, who, through a 15-minute video message, pointed out that “this first bilateral climate cooperation can be instrumental for Vietnam to enhance its climate-finance readiness and be first-mover in terms of accounting, monitoring, reporting and verification of climate finance. In this sense, this little step will help to build international climate cooperation trust and practice. Luxembourg is at your side fighting climate change“.


    Extract of the video speech by Mrs Dieschbourg, Luxembourg Minister for the Environment

    Subsequently, Mr Nguyen Quang Cuong, Vice-Director of the provincial Department of Planning and Investment and Director of the Luxembourg Projects Management Board, briefly introduced the two new projects to the audience, and confirmed that both are in a position to bank upon the effective institutional structure, operational systems and implementation mechanisms that were put in place by VIE/033. 

    In his closing remarks, Mr Gaston Schwartz, Managing Director of LuxDev, once again highlighted the importance of monitoring and stated that “the methodology and the way that monitoring has been done in project VIE/033 should be an inspiration for LuxDev colleagues in other countries”.